Architectural Design


Architectural design is the process by which architects create buildings and design urban landscapes and other structures that are simultaneously aesthetically pleasing and functional. The field is a combination of the bigger picture of architecture as a whole, embodying a variety of frameworks, languages, scope, goals and high-level methodologies along with design. The latter addresses the smaller picture, determining plans for how the framework will be organized and how different parts of the system will look through ongoing implementation of a project’s methodologies and goals. Specifications for architectural projects are part of design. Architectural design is an art that encompasses inspiring creative design and engineering science to fulfill a utilitarian purpose and solve problems.

The paths toward becoming an architectural designer are varied, with some schools incorporating the curriculum as part of an arts program, while others concentrate more on the technical and engineering aspect of the career. Many architectural design programs are interdisciplinary because of the nature of today’s building processes, providing students with a variety of liberal arts and/or science courses that provide a well-rounded knowledge of the design and construction process. Today’s architectural designers learn to use new computer-aided design and drafting technologies, construction protocols, and traditional design principles. To work in the field, one must obtain licensing and meet state requirements for education and experience. Coursework varies. Generally, students take classes in architectural design and theory, building methods, construction technology, and structural design. Math, science, and art courses are important components to any architectural design curriculum. Licensing requirements vary from state to state. Prospective architectural designers must earn a passing score on the Architect Registration Examination (ARE). Some specialties, such as landscape design, require specialized exams. A three-year professional internship, during which junior architects are paid a salary and work under the supervision of a licensed architect, is part of licensing requirements. Time requirement to become a fully licensed architect is approximately eight to ten years and incorporates completing one’s education and internship as well as passing licensing requirements.

Buildings and structures have become more complex since the early 1980s in terms of systems, services, energy use, and technologies. Since this time, the field of architecture has become increasingly specialized with an increasing separation of design architects from project architect. The former envisions the project and draws up the specifications, while the latter ensures that the project meets required standards and deals with liability matters. Project preparation has become increasingly complicated with preliminary studies for building durability sustainability quality, money and compliance often required. For the most part, large structures are no longer constructed from the design of one person, but as a product from a team of architectural designers. Increasingly, architectural design is no longer an individual or aesthetic pursuit, but a project that must consider daily needs and use of technology to create livable environments shaped by behavioral, environment and social sciences. Sustainability and green construction are now at the forefront of architectural design with many developers requesting designs that are environmentally responsible. This trend is evidenced by green roof designs, the use of biodegradable material and attention to a building’s energy usage. The U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) rating system has played a big part in this trend.

Thinking of studying Architectural Design? Check out our related articles below the School Sorter to find informative articles on degrees, majors, and more.

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Huntsville, AL
1916
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Anchorage, AK
17276
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Douglas, AZ
4739
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Thatcher, AZ
7241
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Glendale, AZ
20154
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Mesa, AZ
25960
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Tucson, AZ
494
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Tempe, AZ
840
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Kingman, AZ
6702
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Holbrook, AZ
4636
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Phoenix, AZ
12164
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Tucson, AZ
35880
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Tempe, AZ
20865
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Scottsdale, AZ
10923
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Phoenix, AZ
5444
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Hot Springs, AR
3698
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Searcy, AR
6484
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Siloam Springs, AR
2073
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Camden, AR
2007
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Fort Smith, AR
7335
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Rancho Cordova, CA
731
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Los Angeles, CA
75
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Sacramento, CA
35413
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Bakersfield, CA
18402
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Aptos, CA
15974
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Oakland, CA
1828
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Santa Cruz, CA
16775
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Ridgecrest, CA
6342
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Rancho Cucamonga, CA
21399
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Fountain Valley, CA
11231
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Compton, CA
6691
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Sacramento, CA
15946
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Yucaipa, CA
6380
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El Cajon, CA
9459
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Torrance, CA
27237
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Los Altos Hills, CA
18293
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Fresno, CA
25511
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Glendale, CA
16781
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El Cajon, CA
20335
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Salinas, CA
10451
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Irvine, CA
13294
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San Diego, CA
1430
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San Dimas, CA
1030
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San Diego, CA
2040
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South Lake Tahoe, CA
3206
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Woodland Hills, CA
21928
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San Francisco, CA
1462
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Ukiah, CA
4833
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Santa Clara, CA
10954
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Walnut, CA
29935
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Public