Programming training courses will include courses in business practices, communications, and mathematics in addition to any general education requirements. Because programmers work with software engineers and clients to provide programming solutions for business needs, it is important that students develop excellent written and verbal communication skills. Technical training will include coursework on information systems, programming languages, systems administration, operating systems, game programming, and human-computer interactions. Most programs require a combination of classroom courses as well as hands-on learning labs to provide practical training in programming concepts. For more work experience, consider completing an internship during undergraduate study. For those pursing game programming, further coursework in gaming systems, game design, and further computer programming language courses may also be required, and may study three dimensional modeling, and graphics design and simulations.
Upon graduation, individuals with programming degrees are eligible for entry-level positions as computer programmers, gaming programmers, software developers, or systems analysts. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, jobs for computer programmers are growing at a rate of 12% through 2020, and jobs for systems analysts are expected to grow 22% during the same time. Employers prefer applicants with two or four-year programming degrees from accredited institutions, which ensure the training received meets industry standards. Although certification for programmers is optional, those with degrees and industry-specific certification may enjoy greater employment opportunities and greater earning potential.