In addition to completing general education requirements, electrical engineering degree programs will require students to complete advanced courses in algebra, calculus, and physics. Other required courses include training on circuits, computer programming, microprocessors, electric motors, statistics, and computer-aided design and drafting. These courses provide a solid background in electrical engineering concepts, techniques, and technologies while courses in project management develop necessary business, presentation, and technical writing skills. Students may also choose an area of specialization within an electronic engineering degree, including minors in areas such as electronic power generation or electronic communications systems. In addition to classroom courses, hands-on learning labs will be required to provide practical instruction, while internships provide work experience prior to graduation.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, jobs within the electronic engineering industry are expected to grow 6% from 2010 to 2020, which is below the average for all occupations. Employers prefer graduates with four-year degrees in addition to practical work experience. Graduates with degrees from accredited universities have an added advantage when searching for jobs, since accreditation ensures the quality of the training received. Programs with opportunities to gain work experience for college credit are favorable, and the most job opportunities are available within research and development industries, engineering services firms, or government agencies. Electrical engineers may also work as developers, testers, or maintenance specialists in automobile plants, power companies, aircraft manufacturing facilities, or with construction companies.